OTHER POTENTIAL USES
Controlled clinical trials have been published for the following potential uses: thrombosis, diabetes and its complications, asthma, ADHD, gynecology (endometriosis, dysmenorrhea, pregnancy-associated pain, and menopause transition), OA, acute and postpartum hemorrhoids, and cognition. These indications have been evaluated in 1 to 5 well-designed, published clinical trials. The studies have positive findings suggesting efficacy for each use and warrant further clinical research to support such use.
Other potential uses that require better-designed studies to more fully substantiate the applications of Pycnogenol include erectile dysfunction, retinopathy, gingivitis, melasma (a discoloration of the skin), UV light-induced erythema (sunburn), skin elasticity and hydration, muscle cramps and pain, postthrombotic syndrome, diabetic microangiopathy, metabolic syndrome, allergic rhinitis, common cold, psoriasis, chemotherapy/radiotherapy side effects, and tinnitus.