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Scientific Name:
Adansonia digitata
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Evidence for Efficacy (Human Data)
Traditional and Folk Use
Using higher quantities of fermented baobab fruit pulp flour as a starter for kisra, a fermented sorghum flat bread, enhanced the ascorbic acid, protein, fiber, fat, ash, and minerals contents and their extractability, decreased phytate and tannin contents, and improved sensory attributes of kiera. Makawi 2019
The antimicrobial and antioxidant activities and related phytochemical constituents were studied in selected traditionally used African food and medicines. Tabit 2016
An ethnobotanical field investigation of wild medicinal and food plants used by communities living in Mopane woodlands of Southern Angola showed that Adansonia digitata and two other plants had the highest cultural value as per the Cultural Importance index. Urso 2016
According to a national scale analysis of plant use in Burkina Faso, Khaya senegalensis, Adansonia digitata and Diospyros mespiliformis were the top useful plants in Burkina Faso. Tamarindus indica, Vitellaria paradoxa and Adansonia digitata were ranked the most important medicinal plants. Zizka 2015
Reviewed indigenous perception, processing methods & physicochemical & microbiological characteristics of Yanyanku & Ikpiru, used to produce fermented African locust bean condiments. Yanyanku is produced by spontaneous fermentation with Hibiscus sabdariffa or Gossypium hirsutum or A. digitata seeds. Agbobatinkpo 2011
Three hundred traditional uses of the baobab were documented in Benin, Mali, and Senegal across 11 ethnic groups and 4 agroecological zones. Before exporting baobab to other Eurpean countries capacity building and certification could encourage a sustainable and ethical trade of baobab fruits . Buchmann 2010
Study on diversity and medicinal uses of 40 traditional leafy vegetables in Senegal showed that the Amaranthus spp., Leptadenia hastata, Senna obtusifolia, Adansonia digitata and Tamarindus indica are species with multiple medicinal uses. Mathieu 2007
Adansonia digitata was among several Nigerian plants applied as poultices, ointments, baths, soaks and soaps, and oral fluids to treat dermatological conditions according to history questionnaires completed by patient and oral interviews with herbal vendors and prescribers at major Lagos markets. Ajose 2007
According to questionnaires and interviews with livestock farmers and traders, Adansonia digitata, Terminalia avicennoides, Khaya senegalensis, Cissus populnea and Tamarindus indica are the most common plants used to treat trypanosomiasis in domestic animals in Kaduna State of Nigeria. Atawodi 2002
A study of food-related behaviors during drought in rural Fulani, northeastern Nigeria, indicated fruits of Ficus sycomorus were eaten to counter stomach pain; fruits of kisni (Bridelia ferruginea) were eaten to treat diarrhea; and bark of kuka (Adansonia digitata) was consumed for weight gain. Lockett 2000
A. digitata (kuka bark), given to infants to increase weight gain in two rural settled Fulani villages, northeastern Nigeria, was shown to have high fat content, calcium, copper, iron, and zinc. Lockett 2000
A. digitata, Tamarindus indica, Calotropis procera, Ziziphus jaozeiro and Moringa olifera are known traditionally to have medicinal properties in lessening inflammation, relief of pain, or reducing bacterial infections and hence have possible effect against guinea worms. [Article in French] Fabiyi 1993
History of Record
ORIGINAL RESEARCH BY: Dr J Mohanasundaram, MD, PhD
March 2016
January 2018
February 2023