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Scientific Name:
Adansonia digitata
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Cultivation, Conservation & Ecology
Radiocarbon dating of two old African babobab trees from northern India indicated that these trees are around 800 years old and are the oldest dated African baobabs outside Africa. Patrut 2020
Highest germination rates in Adansonia digitata seeds was achieved in heat tests while elephant's digestion seemed to stimulate germination only to a limited extent. Researchers hypothesize that wildfires and prolonged exposure to sun cause decomposition of tannins by high temperatures. Lautenschläger 2020
Investigated the state, distribution, and use of baobabs in Taita-Taveta County, Kenya in light of a lack of regeneration in many baobab populations and concern for species survival. Studied baobabs showed rejuvenating populations and potential for incorporation into local diets. Fischer 2020
Laser pretreatment of Adansonia digitata seeds at 10 mW for 2 minutes boosted germination rate and polyphenolic contents for seeds. Methanolic extract of A. digitata exposed to laser treatment at 10 mW/2 min provided better hepatoprotective capacity than the other treatments in mice. Khamis 2020
The genetic diversity of baobab (Adansonia digitata) is high and similarly distributed among 4 inland and 3 coastal populations in southeastern Kenya. The genetic differentiation between coastal and inland populations suggests a limited population of gene flow between them. Chládová 2019
Erratum for: The demise of the largest and oldest African baobabs. [Nat Plants. 2018] Correction of GPS coordinates in Supplementary Table 1. Patrut 2018
Identified the stable architectures that enable baobabs to reach large sizes and great ages. 9 of the 13 oldest and 5 of the 6 largest individuals have died, or at least their oldest parts/stems have collapsed and died, over the past 12 years; the cause of the mortalities is still unclear. Patrut 2018
Adansonia digitata and A. gregorii fruit shells provide protection from high heat typically experienced in savannah wildfires. Heat treatment also increases germination rate, but not as effectively as the commonly utilized acid treatment. Results suggest natural wildfires influenced evolution. Kempe 2018
Baobab (Adansonia digitata) fruit pulp and seeds contain significant amounts of nutritionally essential minerals and proximate components but the amounts varied significantly among the selected countries. Muthai 2017
Nitrilotriacetic acid functionalized Adansonia digitata was an effective biosorbent for the removal of Pb (II) and Cu (II) from aqueous solution. Adewuyi 2016
A new tribal classification of the subfamily of Bombacoideae (Malvaceae), to which Adansonia belongs, was presented along with an identification key. Carvalho-Sobrinho 2016
Genetic results provide evidence of multiple introductions of African baobabs to the Indian subcontinent over a longer time period than previously assumed. Bell 2015
A study on the fungi associated with black mould on baobab trees (Adansonia digitata) in southern Africa indicates that although infections can lead to dieback of small twigs on severely infected branches, the mould was not found to kill trees. Cruywagen 2015
During a survey to determine which wound infecting fungi occur on baobabs (Adansonia spp.), synnematous structures were observed and three new Graphium species G. adansoniae, G. madagascariense and G. fabiforme from baobab trees in South Africa and Madagascar were described. Cruywagen 2010
History of Record
ORIGINAL RESEARCH BY: Dr J Mohanasundaram, MD, PhD
March 2016
January 2018
February 2023