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Scientific Name:
Acacia senegal (syn. Senegalia senegal), A. seyal (syn. Vachellia seyal)
Family Name:
Common Name:
gum acacia, Acacia gum, gum arabic
Evidence of Activity
Literature Reviews
A summary is provided of the phytoconstituents, traditional uses, inventions, and patent literature related to gum arabic with an emphasis on Acacia seyal. Ashour 2022
A review suggests that Acacia spp. positively affects intestinal and metabolic health by influencing gut microbial populations, namely by increasing beneficial Bifidobacterium and Lactobacillus species and reducing Escherichia coli and Clostridium. Saha 2021
Functional Significance of Gum acacia in the Management of Obesity. [No abstract] Jangra 2020
A scoping review of the general and scientific popularity of commercially important African plants lists Acacia senegal among the most popular species, with 1373 research publications registered to date. Van Wyk 2015
A study summarizes the purported health benefits of gum arabic, as shown in animal models, including potential antidiabetic and anti-obesity activity, effects on chronic renal failure, inhibition of colonic carcinogenesis, anti-inflammatory effects, and amelioration of malaria. Nasir 2013
A review of health effects of dietary fiber includes acacia gum in the list of prebiotics. Slavin 2013
Acacia gum is included in the list of various functional dietary fiber sources for the prevention or treatment of a number of diseases. Dakhara 2012
A study provides an assessment of findings on the biological effects of gum arabic published to date, highlighting effects on cholesterol metabolism (in rats), proabsorptive properties, and potential uses in dentistry, as well as reports of hypersensitivity in humans and adverse effects on electrolyte balance in mice. Ali 2009
An overview is presented of the three industrially most important gum exudates, including gum arabic, covering aspects such as chemical structure, occurrence, production, commercial players, and food and non-food applications. Verbeken 2003
A review argues that due to inconsistencies in human and animal data the calorific value of gum arabic cannot be determined and is to be assigned only an arbitrary value. Phillips 1998
A review of the safety of gum arabic (Acacia senegal) used as a food additive concludes that there is no need for limitation within the established criteria of identity and purity. Anderson 1986
History of Record
January 2023
May 2023