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Chamomile flower, German
Matricariae flos
Published December 5, 1984;
Revised March 13, 1990
Name of Drug

Matricariae flos, chamomile.  

Composition of Drug

Chamomile, consisting of fresh or dried flower heads of Matricaria recutita L.  (syn.   Chamomilla recutita (L.) Rauschert) [Fam.  Asteraceae], and preparations thereof at effective dosage.  The flowers contain at least 0.4 percent (v/w) essential oil.  Main ingredients of the essential oil are a-bisabolol or bisabolol oxide A and B.  

The flowers also contain matricin and flavone derivatives such as apigenin and apigenin-7-glucoside.  


  • Skin and mucous membrane inflammations, as well as bacterial skin diseases, including those of the oral cavity and gums.  Inflammations and irritations of the respiratory tract (inhalations).  Ano-genital inflammation (baths and irrigation).  


  • Gastrointestinal spasms and inflammatory diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.  


None known.  

Side Effects

None known.  

Interactions with Other Drugs

Boiling water (ca.  150 ml) is poured over a heaping tablespoon of chamomile (ca.  3 g), covered, and after 5 - 10 minutes passed through a tea strainer.  

Unless otherwise prescribed, for gastrointestinal complaints a cup of the freshly prepared tea is drunk three or four times a day between meals.  For inflammation of the mucous membranes of the mouth and throat, the freshly prepared tea is used as a wash or gargle.  


  • For poultices and rinses, 3 - 10 percent infusions;
  • As a bath additive, 50 g - 10 liters (approximately 2- gallons) water;
  • Semi-solid formulations with preparations corresponding to 3 - 10 percent herb.  

Mode of Administration

Liquid and solid preparations for external and internal application.  


AntiphlogisticMusculotropicAntispasmodicPromotes wound healingDeodorantAntibacterialBacteriostaticStimulates skin metabolism

Approved Herbs with Similar Side Effects
as Chamomile flower, German
Approved Herbs with Similar Contraindications
as Chamomile flower, German