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Arthur E. Schwarting: 1917-1996.
Arthur E. Schwarting was born June 8, 1917, in Waubay, South Dakota. Dr. Arthur E. Schwarting revolutionized the teaching of pharmacognosy in the United States by classifying drags according to the chemistry of the drug's active constituents. Dr. Schwarting received his Ph.D. at South Dakota State College in 1943 and moved on to his first faculty position at the University of Nebraska. For almost five decades now, his approach to the teaching of pharmacognosy has been accepted throughout the U.S. and, indeed, the entire world.

Dr. Schwarting introduced, and carried through in his teaching and research, the new, revolutionary concept of the biochemical classification of plants for instruction in pharmacognosy, a distinct deviation from the traditional teacher's version of the subject. Dr. Schwarting had a tremendous influence on the teaching of the science and is primarily responsible for its conversion from one dealing exclusively with taxonomy, morphology, and histology, to one concerned with the biochemistry and chemistry of plant drag constituents. Most of the modern pharmacognostical theory and practice in this country is directly attributable to him. Arthur Schwarting's great service consisted in showing how pharmacognosy should be studied and how it should be taught.

When Dr. Schwarting joined the faculty of the University of Connecticut School of Pharmacy in 1949, I accompanied him and became the first student to receive a Ph.D. degree under Dr. Schwarting's direction.

For 17 years, from 1960-1976, Dr. Schwarting was editor of Lloydia (to become the Journal of Natural Products in 1979). In this capacity, too, he initiated changes, both quantitative and qualitative, to turn the journal into an outstanding research publication.

In 1970, Professor Schwarting became dean of the School of Pharmacy at the University of Connecticut. He was president of the American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy in 1971-72, during which time he instigated the idea of a study by an outside commission to determine the state of practice and the education which would best serve future pharmacy professionals. The idea was adopted by the AACP in 1972; past-president Schwarting raised the money for such a study, and thus, the Study Commission of Pharmacy was organized. Its report appeared in 1975.

In 1968-69, Dr. Schwarting spent a sabbatical leave in Munich, Germany, where he worked in the institute of Prof. Ludwig Hörhammer. He was one of the authors of Introduction to Chromatography, 2nd edition, in 1968. He was on the Board of Directors of the American Foundation for Pharmaceutical Education from 1974-1980. Some of his awards are American Pharmaceutical Association Foundation Research Achievement Award, 1964; University of Connecticut Alumni Association Award for faculty excellence, 1965; and the Centennial Achievement Award from Ohio State University, 1970.

In 1980, Dean Schwarting retired; in 1981 the title of Professor Emeritus was conferred upon him by the University of Connecticut.

The preceding remarks are accurate only in part. Art Schwarting was also a very human individual behind his professional facade. I know of no one more even-tempered, more generous, more willing to help a friend or loathe to condemn an enemy than he. Above all, he was a patient teacher, and I have benefited from his fascinating lectures not only in the classroom, but while scrutinizing alpine flora on top of the Kehlstein and while testing the palatability of malt and hops extracts in Freising.

Article copyright American Botanical Council.


By Varro E. Tyler